How to configure github actions for a python package

14 November 2020

This is what a build action for running a test matrix in github actions looks like in python. The yaml file is saved in .github/workflows/<your_name>.yml.

name: Running unittests

    branches: [ master ]
    branches: [ master ]

    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
        python-version: [3.6, 3.7, 3.8]
        django: ["2.2", "3.0", "3.1"]

    - uses: actions/checkout@v2
    - name: Set up Python ${{ matrix.python-version }}
      uses: actions/setup-python@v2
        python-version: ${{ matrix.python-version }}
    - name: Install dependencies
      run: |
        python -m pip install --upgrade pip
        pip install -r requirements-tests.txt
        if [ -f requirements.txt ]; then pip install -r requirements.txt; fi
    - name: Linting
      run: flake8
    - name: Run unittests
        TOX_ENV: py${{ matrix.python-version}}-django${{ matrix.django }}
      run: |
        tox -e $TOX_ENV

In the matrix we define the python versions and in this case also the django versions. django in this case will be set as an environment variable.

Further down I've set a TOX env to set exactly how I expect the tox environment variable to be set. So that is what I'm relying tox to use in the end.

The python package tox-gh-actions may help mapping the python versions with the tox versions. In this case I chose to do it directly with github actions to keep things simpler. One less dependency, one less worry so to speak.

If you need a database to be able to run the tests you would need to include the following snippet. Include it so that it is a child of build. The snippet is specifically for postgres, but other databases obviously follow a similar pattern.

        image: postgres:12
          POSTGRES_USER: postgres
          POSTGRES_PASSWORD: postgres
          POSTGRES_DB: test_db
          - 5432:5432
        # needed because the postgres container does not provide a healthcheck
        options: --health-cmd pg_isready --health-interval 10s --health-timeout 5s --health-retries 5

For the full documentation of all the things you can do with github actions there is the official documentation.

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